Sunday, May 17, 2020

Timeline From 1810-1820 (Waterloo, War of 1812)

Decade By Decade: Timelines of the 1800s 1810: May 23, 1810: Margaret Fuller, editor, writer, and feminist icon, was born in Massachusetts.June 23, 1810: John Jacob Astor formed the Pacific Fur Company.July 5, 1810: American showman Phineas T. Barnum was born in Bethel, Connecticut.September 1810: The Tonquin, a ship owned by John Jacob Astor departed New York City bound for the Pacific Northwest, as part of Astors plan to establish a fur-trading settlement at the mouth of the Columbia River. 1811: February 3, 1811: Legendary newspaper editor Horace Greeley was born in Amherst, New Hampshire.May 11, 1811: Chang and Eng Bunker, famous conjoined twins, were born in Siam, which will lead to them becoming known as the Siamese Twins.June 14, 1811: Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Toms Cabin, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut.Summer 1811: Work began on the National Road, the first federal highway.November 7, 1811: Troops led by William Henry Harrison defeated Tecumseh at the Battle of Tippecanoe.December 16, 1811: The New Madrid Earthquake struck the Mississippi Valley. 1812: February 7, 1812: British novelist Charles Dickens was born in Portsmouth, England.March 15, 1812: The Luddites, who were opposed to machines being used in manufacturing, attacked a wool factory in England.March 26, 1812: An earthquake leveled Caracas, Venezuela.June 1, 1812: President James Madison asked Congress for a declaration of war against Britain. The causes of the War of 1812 were varied, and included impressment of American sailors.June 18, 1812: The United States Congress declared war on Britain, though opposition to the War of 1812 was strong.June 24, 1812: Napoleon invaded Russia.August 19, 1812: The USS Constitution battled HMS Guerriere and the American ship was victorious.October 1812: Napoleon began his retreat from Moscow.November 5, 1812: James Madison won the U.S. presidential election of 1812, defeating Dewitt Clinton. 1813: The Casselsmans Bridge was built in Maryland as part of the National Road, and was the longest stone arch bridge in America at the time.April 23, 1813: Stephen Douglas, U.S. Senator and rival of Abraham Lincoln, was born in Brandon, Vermont.April 27, 1813: Zebulon Pike, soldier and explorer, was killed at the age of 34 during the War of 1812 in action at York, Ontario, Canada.June 24, 1813: Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman and reformer, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut.October 5, 1813: Tecumseh, 45-year-old Shawnee leader, was killed by American troops at the Battle of the Thames in Canada. 1814: January 1814: The British government approached Americans, offering to begin negotiations to end the War of 1812.August 24, 1814: British troops landed in Maryland, marched to Washington, D.C., and burned the U.S. Capitol and the Executive Mansion (which would later be called the White House).September 13, 1814: A British fleet bombarded Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland. A British land force simultaneously battled Baltimores defenders on land, at the Battle of Baltimore.September 14, 1814: On the morning after the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, Francis Scott Key saw the American flag still flying and wrote The Star-Spangled Banner. Keys lyrics accurately described the Congreve rockets fired during the night.December 24, 1814: American and British negotiators in Belgium signed the Treaty of Ghent, which formally ended the War of 1812. 1815: January 8, 1815: Diverse American forces commanded by Gen. Andrew Jackson defeated British attackers at the Battle of New Orleans. As news traveled slowly, neither side knew the war had actually ended with the Treaty of Ghent weeks earlier.February 1, 1815: Irish political leader Daniel OConnell reluctantly fought a duel outside Dublin and killed his opponent.April 1, 1815: Otto von Bismarck, German statesman, was born in Prussia.April 5-12, 1815: The volcano at Mt. Tambora in Indonesia erupted in a series of explosions over a span of days. Volcanic ash blown into the atmosphere would affect weather worldwide for a year.June 18, 1815: Napoleon was defeated by the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo.July 1815: In the Second Barbary War, an American fleet commanded by Stephen Decatur and William Bainbridge defeated the Barbary Pirates. 1816: 1816 became known as The Year Without a Summer as volcanic ash from the Mt. Tambora volcanic eruption caused lower temperatures throughout the world.November 6, 1816: James Monroe was elected president of the United States, defeating Rufus King. 1817: In 1817 a legendary supernatural creature, The Bell Witch, began terrorizing a family on a Tennessee farm.March 4, 1817: James Monroe took the presidential oath of office outdoors, as the U.S. Capitol was still being rebuilt after its burning by the British.July 4, 1817: Construction began on the Erie Canal.July 12, 1817: Author and naturalist Henry David Thoreau was born in Concord, Massachusetts. 1818: The first packet liners began sailing between New York City and Liverpool.February 1818: Abolitionist author Frederick Douglass was born into slavery on a plantation in Maryland.May 5, 1818: Karl Marx, German philosopher, was born in Prussia.December 13, 1818: Mary Todd Lincoln, American first lady, was born in Lexington, Kentucky. 1819: The Panic of 1819 was the first great financial panic of the 19th century.May 24, 1819: Queen Victoria was born at Kensington Palace, London, England.May 31, 1819: American poet Walt Whitman was born at West Hills, Long Island, New York.August 1, 1819: Author Herman Melville was born in New York City.August 26, 1819: Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria, was born in Germany.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Itech 5401 - 1046 Words

Graduate School of Information Technology and Mathematical Sciences ITECH 5401 PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION Individual Student Assignment Weighting: 30% Due Date: Refer to course description. Submission: Submit your report on Moodle – use a zip file format if necessary. Your lecturer will inform you if a paper copy is required and provide you with details. Assignment Topic: Select one or more key issues concerning communicating as professionals and discuss in detail how it relates to practise in a particular field. (For example, journalists, lawyers, teachers and IT professionals) Description of Assignment: Students will prepare a 2000 - 2500 word report (approximately 10 pages doublespaced, not including references). The assignment is to†¦show more content†¦A student reading vastly more than this minimum will be better prepared to discuss the issues in depth and consequently their report is likely to be of a higher quality ï€ ± ï€  Refer toï€  http://www.ballarat.edu.au/aasp/student/learning_support/generalguide/index.shtmlï€   Page 2 of 4 CRICOS Provider Number 00103D ITECH5401 Professional Communication ITECH5401 Professional Communication D. Plagiarism It is important to learn from the work of others and you are encouraged to explore the library, World Wide Web resources and have discussions with other students. However, work for the assessment must be entirely your own work. *Important* Plagiarism is the presentation of the expressed thought or work of another person as though it is one s own without properly acknowledging that person. You must not allow other students to copy your work and must take care to safeguard against this happening. In cases of copying, normally all students involved will be penalised equally; an exception will be if you can demonstrate the work is your own and you took reasonable care to safeguard against copying. Plagiarism is a serious offence. As set out in the University Regulation 6.1.1. students who are caught plagiarising will, for a first offence, be given a zero mark for that task. A second offence will result in a failing grade for the course involved and any subsequent offence wi ll be referred to the Student Discipline Committee. University Referencing/Citation Style Guide:

Adventures Of Huck Finn Estimation Essay Example For Students

Adventures Of Huck Finn Estimation Essay Mark Twains novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, describes a young boy torn between what he feels for his country and what society expects of him and what his heart tells him is right. Huck Finn, faces many situations forcing him to deal with decisions that carry with them the ability to bring about change. Huck begins searching for an identity which is truly his own. In determining his self image, Huck deals with conforming to the social norms and freedom, trying on different identities that do not belong to him, and shaping these new found tributes into an identity which best suits his conscience. Throughout the book, Huck rejects sivilized life because he has no reason for it. All that civilization has brought for him was bad things. He meets many people and they all try to influence him to change his ways to what they see is right. Pretty soon, he does not want to deal with any of it and just wants to live a life of adventure and fun. The novel begins with Huck under the care of Widow Douglas as she took me for her son, and allowed that she would civilize me; but it was rough living in the house all the time. p. 11 Huck has become so used to being free that he sees the Widow Douglas protection solely in terms of confinement. He finds this impossible because he loses his freedom amongst the bars and shackles of civilization. Huck feels that he belongs out under the stars where the community cannot tell him what to do. His drunken and often missing father has never paid much attention to him; his mother is dead and so, when the novel begins, Huck is not used to following any r ules. At the beginning of the book, Huck is living with the Widow Douglas and her sister, Miss Watson. Both women are fairly old and are really incapable of raising a rebellious boy like Huck Finn. They attempt to make Huck into what they believe will be a better boy, as Huck says, to sivilize him. They do this by making Huck go to school, teaching him about different religions, and making him act in a way that the women find socially acceptable, which means no more smoking. Huck, who has never had to follow many rules in his life, finds the demands the women place upon him constraining and the life with them lonely. As a result, soon after he first moves in with them, he runs away. He soon comes back, but, even though he becomes somewhat comfortable with his new life as the months go by, Huck never really enjoys the life of manners, religion, and education that the Widow and Miss Watson impose upon him. They represent everything in society that Huck hates. Pap is Hucks usually drunk father. His abusive nature is the driving force for Huck as he flees down the river. Pap himself is illiterate, nonconforming, and oppressive.  He never pays any attention to Huck and does not take responsibility for his own son. He lets Huck do pretty much whatever he wants, and he abuses Huck. Huck did not go to school, had no manners, and dressed like a scrub. So when he ended up living with Miss Watson and Widow Douglas, he could not stand being controlled. He did not want to live a sivilized life like every other person in the country. He preferred freedom of wilderness and adventure to the restriction of society and its norms. Hucks acceptance of Jim is a total defiance of society. Jim is Miss Watsons slave and runs away because she is going to sell him. .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac , .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac .postImageUrl , .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac , .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac:hover , .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac:visited , .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac:active { border:0!important; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac:active , .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u31cab085bb11ce700e86bddc38e841ac:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Throughout "Away" EssayBy Jim being an African American, he has to deal with racial issues. People in their society are not accepting of people of different skin colors. When Huck is with Jim, he is having fun. He would rather live a life of adventure than going to school. He has the freedom that he is used to having when living in the woods with Jim. No one is controlling his life the way Miss Watson and Pap have done in the past. Huck believes he is committing a sin by going against society and protecting Jim. He does not realize that his own instincts are more morally correct than those of society. As Huck drifts down the river on his raft, he begins to look for himself. He attempts to slip into the identities of others to experience things in a different way than they normally would be. Hucks longing for freedom is his only self desire. His freedom requires that he find a conscious, moral identity. He must discover his true self and know himself as a person and as an individual in order to be free. Life is full of unexpected circumstances. People are forced to face these situations that are sometimes unfortunate. Some run away from their problems, while others are strong enough to face them. Their strength to face lifes struggles comes from their valuable morals that guide their choices. Throughout this journey, Huck encounters many different situations in which he learns to adapt and react to each in a way that he feels is suitable. Huck learns about life and the real world. He then gathers what he has learned and combines it into an identity which suits him. This enables him to create a conscience with which he finds himself comfortable and at ease.

Tuesday, April 21, 2020

Can we critically analyse Ian McEwans Atonement using psychoanalytic criticism Essay Example

Can we critically analyse Ian McEwans Atonement using psychoanalytic criticism Paper Atonement is a post-modern novel, that centres around the protagonist, Briony and her search for forgiveness from her sister Cecelia and a family friend Robbie, the word atonement, meaning the action of making amends for a wrong or injury1. Briony is a thirteen year old, middle class girl whom is an aspiring writer, and at the start of the novel is conducting a play known as The Trials of Arabella. We see throughout the novel Briony is no ordinary 13 year old girl as her imagination is full of stories that can distort her image of reality; this is why the method of psychoanalysis may be applied. Psychoanalysis is a form of therapy which aims to cure mental disorders by investigating the interaction between the conscious and the unconscious elements of the mind2. The novel explores the relationship between the conscious events that happen, and the different subconscious views the characters have on these events all though the creative act of story-telling. The novel begins with the focus on Briony and her eagerness to get her play, The Trials of Arabella, finished for when her brother, Leon, returns home. This play shows Brionys immaturity even through her intelligent wording, it still encapsulates a heroine being rescued by a prince, and thus we can see her understanding of love and relationships has not yet developed. The audience, then through the omniscient narrator recall on an event that happens between Brionys sister Cecelia and the cleaning ladys son Robbie, at first from Cecelias point of view and then Brionys. From Cecelias point of view we are told how Cecelia does not think much of Robbie as it bothered her that they were awkward when they talked3. We will write a custom essay sample on Can we critically analyse Ian McEwans Atonement using psychoanalytic criticism specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Can we critically analyse Ian McEwans Atonement using psychoanalytic criticism specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Can we critically analyse Ian McEwans Atonement using psychoanalytic criticism specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We then encounter how Cecelia wonders outside to fill a vase of flowers with water from the fountain, where she finds Robbie doing the gardening, the pair of them passes awkward conversation then Robbie begins to help Cecelia fill her vase, to which she resists and this results in her dropping the vase into the fountain. They both stare for a moment then Cecelia starts to strip to her underwear and dives into the fountain to retrieve the vase, once retrieved she storms back into the house. The second view of this scene is from Brionys point of view in which she watches out of the window Robbie and Cecelia conversing, she imagines that he is proposing to her, however she is startled when Cecelia starts to quickly undress and jumps into the fountain and then rushes off back in tot he house. She reflects wondering what sort of hold Robbie has over Cecelia and how Robbie should have rescued her from drowning before he proposes to her. Here is were Brionys subconscious comes into view, this is as Freud explains part of the mind beyond consciousness which nevertheless has a strong influence upon our actions or thoughts4 , here Briony thinks of the scene as a fairytale in which the heroine is to be rescued, this is based on her own upbringing as her parents never really spoke of their relationship as her father worked away a lot, therefore her only understanding of relationships were the ones she read of in books. This may be also understood in Freuds repression, forgetting or ignoring of unresolved conflicts, unadmitted desires or traumatic past events so that they are forced out of the conscious awareness and into the realm of the unconscious5 again due to her own parents relationship crisis Brionys subconscious maybe bringing up imaginations of what constitutes a good marriage. Furthermore this scene she witnesses seems to be a turn in her life as she now realizes what power one could have over the other, and how easy it was to get everything wrong, completely wrong6, as Hidalgo suggests a young girl who cannot understand the world of adults7, this then results in her terminating her play of the Trials of Arabella, instead she decides to work on a novel of what she had just witnessed instead. This fountain scene can also been seen as a key moment for the relationship between Robbie and Cecelia. Never before had Cecelia stripped off in front Robbie and he notes this and remembers every part of her body, a drop of water on her upper arm an embroided flower, a simple daisy, sewn between the cups of her bra. Her breasts wide apart and small.. 8 he starts to realize he has feelings for Cecelia although he knows this maybe farfetched as she is from a middle class and he a lower class, he still believes they could be together Freuds theory of displacement could be applied here. Displacement is one person or event is replace by another which is in some way linked or associated with it, perhaps because of a similar sounding word or by some form of symbolic substitution9. We are told that in his bedroom Robbie has various photographs ; the cast of Twelfth Night on the college lawn, himself as Malvolio10 Malvolio is known in the play as deluded to think he can have a chance with his employer Olivia, Robbie could have displaced this play to his own situation. The use of the fountain could be describe by Freud in terms of association in which an object can be associated with certain feelings11, so in this case the fountain symbolizing the love between Cecelia and Robbie. The use of an Italianate fountain as the site for an apparently trivial moment in the lovers story may contain an allusion to the Italian fountain in Evelyn Waughs Brideshead Revisited. If this is so, it would be another ironic reversal because the country house that gives title to Waughs novel is the ideological, aesthetic, and emotional center of the novel12. Also 13He is also quick to note What might Freud say? How about : she hid the unconscious desire to expose herself to him behind a show of temper14, this invites the reader to start top think of the novel in a Freudian way, are the actions we read about what they seem? Or are they all making up part of the subconscious that is delivered through unintentional actions? The rest of this chapter goes on to give more evidence to support these questions. We go on to read how Robbie wants to send Cecelia a note in which to apologize for breaking the vase, he writes this out in long hand but also he ends up typing a note saying, In my dreams I kiss your cunt, your sweet wet cunt. In my thoughts I make love to you all day long15, he accidently gives the sordid note to Briony to give to Cecelia. The writing of the sordid note can be first seen by Freud as a Freudian slip16 this is where repressed material in the unconscious finds an outlet through such everyday phenomena as slips of the tongue, slips of the pen, or unintended actions, therefore his desires for Celia subconsciously made him write the note without even thinking about what he was writing and secondly he had subconsciously given the sordid note as his subconscious was till focusing on the objects he was observing in his room mainly the Grays Anatomy, Splanchnology section, page 1546, the vagina17. herefore causing his subconscious again to take over his actions. The content of the sordid note can also conjure up psychoanalysis development in the form of the language used. Lancan looks to language to analyse the subconscious in which he states, how could a psychoanalyst of today not realise that his realm of truth is in fact the word18 and that language is a matter of contrast between words and other words there is a barrier between signifier (the word) and the signified (the referent)19. When looking at the word cunt which Robbie uses in his letter to Cecelia, the signified that Robbie intends it to be is the vagina of a woman, however when Cecelia reads the word, she believes it signifies the unnoticed love between her and Robbie a simple phrase chased around in Cecelias thoughts, of course of course how has she not seen it? 20. Briony reads this word to mean that Robbie is a maniac, A maniac. The word had refinement and the weight of medical diagnoses. This showing how each of the characters subconscious has effected the meaning of the term cunt, through Robbies desire of Cecelia, and Celias realization of love, to Brionys analysis that he is mentally ill for using the word. It is then this word that inevitably changes all their lives forever, as now Briony thinks that Robbie is a maniac and threat to the women in her family she then falsely accuse Robbie of raping her cousin Lola when the twins go missing, she believes she is protecting Cecelia from him therefore her lie is buried in her subconscious. Freud sees this irrational decision due to the Oedipus complex eproducing the competition between siblings21 The reason for her distorted view over the figure she though was Robbie who raped Loa may have been bcause she has feeling herself for Robbie and therefore does not want Ceceila to be with him. This can further be supported by the scene where she tests if Robbie loves her by saving her from drowning, Do you know why I wanted you to save me? Because I love you22. Brionys dream in which she is flying could bring with it sexual connotations of desire as Freud maintains in his dreamwork theory that dreaming of flying represents sexual release, or expansion of your awareness23. Towards the end of the novel we realize how it is Briony who has wrote this whole story out of guilt and repentance. Instead of her leading a life at Cambridge, in which she was intended she follows the footsteps of her sister and becomes a nurse. Freud could interpret this as sublimation, which is the transforming of an unacceptable impulse, whether it be sex, anger, fear, or whatever, into a socially acceptable, even productive form in this case Brionys feeling of regret subconsciously lead her to becoming a nurse. Here she helps out a French soldier who has been wounded and it is here she learned a simple, obvious thing she had always known, and everyone knew: that a person is, among all else, a material thing, easily torn, not easily mended24 realizing that when she was younger she was brought up on a diet of imaginative literature, she was too young to understand the dangers that can ensue from modeling ones conduct on such an artificial world25. Briony now realizes everything she did in the past she looked on with what Freud calls projection negative aspects of ourselves are not recognized as ourselves, at the time she sent Robbie to jail she did not realize she did it out of sub conscious feelings jealousy and spite of her sister, she was determined the figure she saw was Robbie, therefore attempting to use fiction to correct the errors that fiction caused her to commit.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Target Corporation Capital Project Analysis Essay Example

Target Corporation Capital Project Analysis Essay Example Target Corporation Capital Project Analysis Paper Target Corporation Capital Project Analysis Paper The Capital Executive Committee (CEC) of Target Corporation must choose which of 5 large construction projects to approve. More than 1 project can be implemented; however, the capital budget for the fiscal year in question cannot exceed $3. 5B. This case is about force ranking the 5 Capital Project Requests for new construction from best opportunity to worst opportunity to aid the CFO, Doug Scovanner, in the upcoming CEC meeting where the final decision will be made. As stated on page of the case, â€Å"each investment decision would have long-term implications for Target: an underperform store would be a drag on earnings and difficult to turn around without significant investments of time and money, whereas a top-performing store would add value both financially and strategically for years to come. † Capital Executive Committee Composition: The decision makers for capital project requests consists of 5 of the 12 executive officers of Target, including the President and the Chairman / Chief Executive Officer. The other 3 members are the executive vice presidents of Property Development, Stores, and the Chief Financial Officer. The CEC has representation necessary to make effective decisions; however, given the importance of Research and Planning for the inputs to the Capital Project Request Process, as well as the impact of credit card services to the discounted cash flow analysis, Target should consider including the EVP of Marketing and the President of Target Financial Services to this committee. Capital Review Process: The capital review process for Target is consistent with the overarching strategic objective of growth by adding about 100 stores a year while maintaining a positive brand image. Financial performance targets of Net Present Value and Internal Rate of Return based on discounted cash flow analysis over a 60 year period have been established. The discounted cash flows account for store generated cash flows and credit card generated cash flows. The review process includes market demographics analysis that considers population growth forecasts, median household income, and education levels. It also assesses progress of existing company plans for the areas and how new developments will impact sales at other Target locations. A specific consideration by the CEC is duration of project. The desire is for projects to complete within the fiscal year the capital is approved to minimize risk of cost overruns that may require additional debt financing and â€Å"raise questions from equity analysist as to the increase risk to the shareholders as well as to the ability of management to accurately project the company’s funding needs. † (p4). Other criteria considered by the CEC include, but are not limited to, total investment size, project profit, and impact to earnings-per-share.

Friday, February 28, 2020

Selective pick of a topic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Selective pick of a topic - Essay Example er reality you are facing for a little time, and then course book reading obviously enable you to pass the course and help you get entered into the new standard. The writer of the readable material you consider has a very significant role in the choosing of your reading material as well. I remember when I was 14; I was anxiously waiting for a novel to get published by my favorite writer Naseem Hijazi. But when it came in my market my friend told me that the novel was not that much good at the expectations we had and the market response was very nil towards it. I decided not to read it but to buy another writer’s book. But sooner I got into the shop I bought my favorite writer’s novel and read the whole 623 pages just because that was written by my favorite writer. The novel’s name was â€Å"Aakhri Chitan† and was written on the history of Muslims rulers when they conquered sub-continent and is about the era of Changez khan and Tataris. Reading pushes you in the world of fantasy and enables you to imagine the objects you read. Imagination is a very good facet that leads you to motivation and courage to do any diffi cult task you come across in your

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

US women's army auxiliary corp (WWII) Research Paper

US women's army auxiliary corp (WWII) - Research Paper Example Women’s participation in the US military as auxiliary army corps during the Second World War was essentially a milestone in the women’s development and gender equality that were rooted the Enlightenment in Europe.Though women’s involvement in the US Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps was not the direct result of these movements, it can be viewed as the call of the situation that provides the women of the era with a unique opportunity to reinforce their position in outdoor workplace. Also their participation can be viewed as a sequel to the series of remarkable events in the women’s rights in the United States. Though women’s involvement in the US Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps was not the direct result of these movements, it can be viewed as the call of the situation that provides the women of the era with a unique opportunity to reinforce their position in outdoor workplace. Opposing the traditional socio-religious barriers to and prejudices that women are best suited for indoor activities due to their psychophysical fragility, women’s position in outdoor activities was reinforced by their participation in the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corp. Indeed the root of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corp lies in the women’s unarmed services â€Å"with the Army under contract and as volunteers during World War I as communications specialists and dietitians† (Bellafiare 4). Subsequently, a bill regarding women’s inclusion into the US Army as regular personnel with equal pay, equal legal protection, disability benefits, pensions and medical care was proposed by Edith Nourse Rogers, the Congresswoman of Massachusetts. But Rogers’ propositions did not go unchallenged since â€Å"both the Army and the American public initially had difficulty accepting the concept of women in uniform† (Moore 34). Finally, Rogers’ committee and the US Military authority came to a compromise regardi ng the women’s legal rights in the army and the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) became existent in 1942 by Public Law 554 () as a branch "for the purpose of making available to the national defense the knowledge, skill, and special training of the women of the nation." (Bellafaire 7). Later, the WAAC gained the full status of an army branch, being converted to Women’s Army Corp (WAC) in 1943. About 150,000 American women â€Å"served in the Women's Army Corps (WAC) during World War 11. Members of the WAC were the first women other than nurses to serve within the ranks of the United States Army† (Bellafiare 5). Rights of the WAAC Members Though Rogers’s idea was to provide the women with full status of army personnel in the US Army, due to the novelty of the idea and social barriers and prejudice towards women’s participation in armed activities, the WAAC members did not have the full rights that their male counterpart had enjoyed so far. Rogers was motivated, to propose the bill, mainly by the volunteer female civilians’ participation in the First World War as unofficial auxiliary force to the US force without â€Å"benefits of official status† such as legal protection, medical care, shelter, food, etc. So Rogers motive was that â€Å"if women were to serve again with the Army in a wartime theater they would receive the same legal protection and benefits as their male counterparts† (Bellafiare 6). Though until 1943, about 150,000 WAAC auxiliaries received the basic provisions of a soldier such as â€Å"food, uniforms, living quarters, pay, and medical care† (), rank and salary discriminations continued. Also women WAAC officers could not command men. Judith A. Bellafaire describes these discriminations as following: â€Å"The Director of the WAAC was assigned the rank of major. WAAC first, second, and third officers served as the equivalents of captains and lieutenants in the Regular Army, but received less pay than their male counterparts of similar rank† (2). Unlike the male soldiers and other officials, the WAAC members did not get â€Å"Government life insurance, veteran’s medical coverage, and death benefits† (Bellafaire 3). Also though the WAAC members, according to the bill, could work oversea, they did not get legal protection of the international prisoner’